Root canal treatment, also known as root canal therapy is a type of treatment consider medication of the inner aspects of a tooth, specifically that area inside a tooth that is occupied by its “pulp tissue.” It is a section of endodontic therapy which refers a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth whose end result is the elimination of infection and protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion.
To understand endodontic treatment, it helps to know something about the anatomy of the tooth. Inside the tooth, under the white enamel and a hard layer called the dentin, is a soft tissue called the pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue and creates the surrounding hard tissues of the tooth during development.
The pulp extends from the crown of the tooth to the tip of the roots where it connects to the tissues surrounding the root. The pulp is important during a tooth’s growth and development. However, once a tooth is fully mature it can survive without the pulp, because the tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it.
Endodontic treatment involves basically removal of infected or dead pulp from the root cavityor canal, disinfection and their precise filling with suitable material. Owing to the aforementioned types of anaesthesia, endodontic treatment is practically painless. The effect of the process is a healthy tooth, which is a kind of “vital implant” that can serve the patient for many years.